Laparoscopically-assisted transabdominal oocyte retrieval in an infertility patient with ovarian malposition

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Infertility patients with malpositioned ovaries have considerable difficulty conceiving naturally because of extended fallopian tubes and ovarian malposition; such patients turn for help to assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. For most of these patients, ovarian malposition prevents transvaginal oocyte retrieval, so the transabdominal approach for oocyte retrieval is required. One of our infertility patients presented with ovarian malposition, and laparoscopy-assisted transabdominal oocyte retrieval was performed. We performed a Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) long protocol with human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) ovarian stimulation, and used a standard transvaginal probe through the anterior abdominal wall for ovarian imaging and monitoring of the growing follicles. The patient underwent laparoscopically-assisted transabdominal oocyte retrieval—9 oocytes were recovered, and 5 were fertilized, and 2 embryos were transferred to the patient's uterus. The patient became pregnant and a gestational sac was detectable by transvaginal ultrasonography, but she spontaneously miscarried. The patient then received several laparoscopically-assisted transabdominal oocyte retrievals and finally became pregnant following a thawed embryo transfer during a hormone replacement cycle, and now her pregnancy is going well.

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