MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators of gene expression and play critical roles in modulating metabolism, development and physiology in animals and plants. miRNA levels are transcriptionally and post-transcriptionally controlled for their proper function. Recent studies have shown that RNA-binding proteins play important roles in producing miRNAs by affecting the accurate and/or efficient processing of precursors of miRNAs. Many of these RNA-binding proteins also have roles in general RNA metabolism, indicating potential connections between miRNA biogenesis and other RNA metabolism. Here, we focus on the function of several RNA-binding proteins in miRNA biogenesis in Arabidopsis.