This paper presents the development of a tolerable daily intake (TDI) for sodium monofluoroacetate (1080) using the quantal myocardial and testicular toxicity end points derived from the traditional NOAEL and newer benchmark dose (BMD) methods. 1080 is a highly toxic vertebrate pesticide that has been proven to be effective in controlling possums and other pests. By convention, the TDIs are derived using the traditional no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) and applying appropriate default uncertainty factors (UF). In addition to the default UF, a statistically derived UF was also employed in deriving the TDI. The TDIs derived from the NOAEL and BMD approach, 0.075 and 0.10 mg/kg bw/day, respectively, were compared. The resulting TDI estimates using the BMDL, a statistical lower confidence bound on the BMD, were generally consistently slightly higher than those derived using the NOAEL approach. Based on the best fit of modelled dose–response data, a TDI of 0.03 μg/kg bw/day is proposed for human health risk assessment of 1080.