Mercury contamination in facial skin lightening creams and its health risks to user


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Abstract

This study aims to determine concentrations of mercury in facial skin lightening cream according to different price categories (category I: −1. There was no significant association between concentrations of mercury with price categories (p = 0.12). There was no significant non-carcinogenic health risk due to daily application of the facial skin lightening creams based on assumption of 30 years exposure period (HQ < 1).HIGHLIGHTSHealth risk for skin lightening creams was reported for the first time in Malaysia.One cream exceeded USFDA permitted trace levels (<1 ppm) of mercury.No significant difference between price categories and mercury concentration.Hazard quotients for mercury in all facial creams were below 1.

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