Assessment of predictivity of volatile organic compounds carcinogenicity and mutagenicity by freeware in silico models

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


The application of in silico methods is increasing on toxicological risk prediction for human and environmental health. This work aimed to evaluate the performance of three in silico freeware models (OSIRIS v.2.0, LAZAR, and Toxtree) on the prediction of carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of thirty-eight volatile organic compounds (VOC) related to chemical risk assessment for occupational exposure. Theoretical data were compared with assessments available in international databases. Confusion matrices and ROC curves were used to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of each model. All three models (OSIRIS, LAZAR and Toxtree) were able to identify VOC with a potential carcinogenicity or mutagenicity risk for humans, however presenting differences concerning the specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy. The best predictive performances were found for OSIRIS and LAZAR for carcinogenicity and OSIRIS for mutagenicity, as these softwares presented a combination of negative predictive power and lower risk of false positives (high specificity) for those endpoints. The heterogeneity of results found with different softwares reinforce the importance of using a combination of in silico models to occupational toxicological risk assessment.HighlightsThree in silico models were compared while evaluating Volatile Organic Compounds.The predictive power for carcinogenicity was higher than for mutagenicity.OSIRIS and LAZAR presented the best predictive performances.Toxtree presented high specificity and low sensitivity.Heterogeneous results indicate the value of combined models for risk assessment.

    loading  Loading Related Articles