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Lamiophlomis rotata(Benth.) Kudo is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine and its iridoid glycosides extract (IGLR) was the main active ingredient with hemostatic, antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects. This study was aimed to evaluate the safety of IGLR using acute and sub-chronic toxicity study methods on Sprague-Dawley rats. In acute toxicity test, IGLR caused slight diarrhea in three dose groups and a decreased of RBC and increased of MCH and Ret (P < .05) were observed in 16 g/kg group. In sub-chronic toxicity study, unscheduled deaths occurred in 1 and 3 rats at 0.40 and 1.00 g/kg groups, respectively. A slight diarrhea was observed in 1.00 g/kg group. Hemolytic anemia was the main toxicity effects of IGLR found in 0.40 and 1.00 g/kg groups, with a significant decrease of RBC, HGB (P < .05) and increase of Ret, MCV, MCH (P < .05) in hematological parameters, a significant decrease of ALT, Crea (P < .05) and increase of TBIL (P < .05) in biochemical parameters, and a significant increase of the percentage of rubricyte, normoblast (P < .05) in bone marrow. Overall, this study found IGLR has a potential toxicity considering with hemolytic anemia and diarrhea to rat. These results provide an important reference for further IGLR-related drug exploration.Acute and sub-chronic toxicological studies of IGLR in rats.Hemolytic anemia and diarrhea were the toxicity reaction founded in sub-chronic toxicity.NOAEL of IGLR was considered to be 4.6 g/kg in acute toxicity and 0.12 g/kg/day in sub-chronic toxicity for IGLR.