Neoflavonoids, which are classified as 4-arylcoumarin (neoflavone), 3,4-dihydro-4-arylcoumarin and neoflavene, have been the subject of a number of studies with respect to their therapeutic potential and, despite promising in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo pharmacological activities, there is a lack of studies demonstrating their toxicological properties. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the acute (14 days) and repeated-dose (28 days) toxicity of synthetic neoflavonoid 7-acetoxy-4-aryl-3,4-dihydrocoumarin in Swiss mice through parameters related to changes in body weight, food and water intake, hematological and biochemical parameters. Toxicity studies using acute doses (300 and 2000 mg/kg) and repeated doses (250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg) orally were carried out as per Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) guidelines 423 and 407, respectively. Based on the results of this study, treatment with 7-acetoxy-4-aryl-3,4-dihydrocoumarin was found to not cause clinical adverse symptoms and mortality in any animal used in the acute and repeated-dose toxicity study. In addition, no significant changes were observed in body weight and internal organs, food and water intake, hematological and biochemical parameters, compared to control group. Therefore, these results provide an initial understanding regarding the toxicity profile of 7-acetoxy-4-aryl-3,4-dihydrocoumarin, which can be considered a neoflavonoid with toxicity seen at doses higher than 2000 mg/kg in Swiss mice.