Application of a direct aerosol exposure system for the assessment of biological effects of cigarette smoke and novel tobacco product vapor on human bronchial epithelial cultures

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Abstract

Recent advancements in in vitro exposure systems and cell culture technology enable direct exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) of human organotypic bronchial epithelial cultures. MucilAir organotypic bronchial epithelial cultures were exposed, using a Vitrocell exposure system, to mainstream aerosols from the 3R4F cigarette or from a recently developed novel tobacco vapor product (NTV). The exposure aerosol dose was controlled by dilution flow and the number of products smoked; there were five exposure conditions for 3R4F smoke and three for NTV vapor. The amount of nicotine delivered to the tissues under each condition was analyzed and that of the total particulate matter (TPM) was estimated using nicotine data. The nicotine dose was similar for the two products at the highest dose, but the estimated TPM levels from the NTV were 3.7 times the levels from the 3R4F. Following 3R4F smoke exposure, a dose dependent increase was observed in cytotoxicity, cytokine secretion, and differential gene expression. However, no changes were detected in these endpoints following NTV vapor exposure, suggesting the biological effects of NTV vapor are lower than those of conventional combustible CS. Our study design, which includes collection of biological data and dosimetry data, is applicable to assessing novel tobacco products.

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