An Epitope of the Viscumin Catalytic Subunit Exposed on Its Interaction with Lipid Bilayer

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It was previously shown that the catalytic subunit of the plant toxin viscumin induces aggregation of small unilamellar liposomes and this process is inhibited by the mab_TA7 monoclonal antibody produced to the denatured catalytic subunit of viscumin (Agapov, I.I. et al., FEBS Lett., 1999, vol. 464, p. 63). The interaction of the synthetic F101–T105 and A96–T105 fragments of the viscumin catalytic subunit with the mab_TA7 monoclonal antibody was studied by 1H NMR spectroscopy. Results of this study demonstrated that only the A96–T105 fragment is capable of binding to mab_TA7. A nuclear Overhauser effect observed in the antigen–antibody complex and registered on the resonances of the free peptide transferred from the free state to the antibody-bound state was analyzed, the mab_TA7 antigen determinant (H99–T105) was identified, and its conformation and orientation within the complex with the antibody were determined.

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