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A new approach to the identification of point mutations by allele-specific PCR was proposed. The mutation R408W of the human phenylalanine hydroxylase gene was used as a model. A high specificity of the approach was achieved by the use of primers partially complementary to the genomic DNA. Polyethylene glycol covalently attached to one of the allele-specific primers provides for the differential identification of the PCR products due to a change in electrophoretic mobility.