Regioselectivity in the Addition of 1,3-Dipolarophiles to 6-Aryl-1,5-diazabicyclo[3.1.0]hexanes


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Abstract

Thermolysis of 6-aryl-1,5-diazabicyclo[3.1.0]hexanes in the presence of 1,3-dipolarophiles having an unsymmetrically substituted double C=C bond (such as N-arylimides derived from 2-aryl-substituted maleic, citraconic, and itaconic acids, ethyl propynoate, aryl isocyanates, and aryl isothiocyanates) leads to formation of the corresponding 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition products. The reaction is regioselective, and in most cases only one regioisomer is obtained. The addition direction depends on the 1,3-dipolarophile structure, i.e., electronic and steric factors determining the most effective orbital interaction upon approach of the reagent to substrate.

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