Characterization of Hormonal Complex in Pea Phenotypes Differing in Leaf Morphology

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Two genotypes of the pea (Pisum sativum L.) with wild-type leaves (variety Orlovchanin, Af/Af genotype) and the “afila” morphotype (aphyllous variety Nord, af/af genotype) were compared in terms of growth performance and hormonal characteristics of different leaf parts and the whole plant. The replacement of leaflets by tendrils in the afila variety led to a reduction in total dry weight and the area of photosynthesizing surfaces. The loss of leaflets was partly compensated for by rapid expansion of stipules at early stages of plant development and by the hypertrophy of tendrils at later stages. The excessive development of stipules in afila plants was paralleled by the increase in IAA and cytokinin level in their tissues. The hypertrophied development of tendrils and chlorophyll accumulation in tendrils of afila plants was correlated with a high IAA and cytokinin content at a low ABA background level. The elevated content of ABA in tissues of wild-type plants was associated with the preferential development of leaflets and a larger transpiratory surface compared with those in the afila form. It is assumed that this feature ensures the turgescence of wild-type plants. The possible involvement of phytohormones in growth and morphogenesis of pea mutants is discussed.

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