The Effect of Epibrassinolide on Arabidopsis Seedling Morphogenesis and Hormonal Balance under Green Light

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We studied the effect of 24-epibrassinolide (EB) on the levels of endogenous hormones and photomorphogenesis of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh wild-type (Ler) and mutant (hy4) seedlings. This mutant is deficient in the cryptochrome 1 (CRY1) synthesis. CRY1, which is a product of the HY4 gene, is a blue light photoreceptor in wild-type plants, but is sensitive to green light as well. In dark-grown seven-day-old mutant seedlings, the ABA/zeatin ratio differed from this ratio in wild-type seedlings. The hy4 mutant exhibited a lower zeatin and higher free-ABA contents, which could retard its hypocotyl growth in darkness. EB retarded the growth of hypocotyls in etiolated hy4 seedlings and enlarged their cotyledons more efficiently than in wild-type seedlings. Green light (GL) did not affect the growth of hypocotyls but enlarged cotyledons of hy4 seedlings, which might be associated with some increase in the level of free IAA and a considerable decrease in free ABA and also with a decrease in the cytokinin level in seedlings. The hy4 cotyledon response to GL depended evidently on photoreceptors other than CRY1. GL enhanced the effects of EB on the morphogenesis of both Ler and hy4 seedlings, which was coupled with changes in the balance of endogenous IAA, ABA, and cytokinins. We may suppose that EB is involved in the control of photomorphogenesis by interaction with endogenous hormones, which are involved in the transduction of a light signal absorbed by the GL photoreceptors.

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