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Tube-grown potato (Solanum tuberosum L., cv. Nevskii) plants treated with arachidonic acid (AA) were used as a model to study the activity of phytohemagglutinins (PHA) during induction of the plant antiviral defense system. Plant treatment with 10−8 M AA and also their inoculation with potato viruses X, Y, and M resulted in the increased activity of PHAs in potato shoots. The inducer of antiviral resistance behaved as a modulator of the PHA activity providing for its various levels during the development of viral infection. During the development of AA-induced systemic resistance, the level of phytohemagglutinin activity did not essentially depend on the nature of the viral pathogen. We suggested that the mechanism of AA-induced plant antiviral defense was connected with changes in the PHA activity.