Protective Role of Thidiazuron Treatment on Cucumber Seedlings Exposed to Heavy Metals and Chilling

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The action of thidiazuron, a synthetic growth regulator, was studied on 7-day-old cucumber seedlings (Cucumis sativus L., cv. Monastyrskii) exposed to chilling and sublethal concentrations of lead and copper ions. The extent of injury was assessed from the electrolyte leakage from cotyledonary leaves into distilled water. Separate application of each stress factor induced an increase in membrane permeability; however, their combined application caused a weaker response. A preliminary treatment of seedlings with thidiazuron fully or partly prevented the stress-induced stimulation of electrolyte leakage from cotyledon segments. It is concluded that thidiazuron elevates plant resistance to adverse environments.

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