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Plants are capable of recognizing the penetrating pathogens and of responding to their attack by the activation of the defense systems. Signal transduction from the receptor to the cell genome is required for this activation. Recently, signal molecules have been found, which are involved in the signal transduction triggered in response to biotic stress. The data accumulated imply the presence of a complex and well-coordinated signal network in plant cells. This net controls plant defense responses to pathogen attacks.