Preparing Parents to Be Present for Their Child’s Anesthesia Induction: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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(Abstracted from Anesth Analg 121:1001–1010, 2015)

Preoperative anxiety in pediatric surgery is associated adverse outcomes, including less cooperation at induction, greater likelihood of delirium, increased postoperative pain, and negative behavioral changes after recovery. It is thought that parental presence during induction of anesthesia (PPIA) may help to alleviate a child’s preoperative anxiety.

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