Spine Surgery and Blood Loss: Systematic Review of Clinical Evidence

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(Abstracted from Anesth Analg, 123(5):1307–1315, 2016)The incidence of spine surgery (SS) and spine fusion procedures has increased enormously over the years. However, reconstructive and multilevel spine procedures are frequently complicated by intraoperative blood loss (IBL) and the need for allogeneic blood transfusions, which have both been reported to increase postoperative morbidity and adverse outcomes.

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