A bronchial sleeve resection can be considered for lesions arising from a lobar bronchus so as to preclude a standard lobectomy, yet without enough distal involvement as to warrant a pneumonectomy. Limited bronchial resection allows maximal conservation of pulmonary function in patients with benign or malignant disease, without compromising oncologic outcome. This article defines the indications and preoperative management of candidate patients and discusses key anesthetic considerations and surgical techniques for this complex airway reconstruction. The essential component of a successful operation is a tension-free bronchial anastomosis. Open communication and careful discussion of airway management between anesthesiologist and surgeon will help ensure a good outcome.