Longitudinal Echocardiographic Evaluation of an Unusual Presentation of X-Linked Myxomatous Valvular Dystrophy Caused by Filamin A Mutation

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Polyvalvar myxomatous valve degeneration is a clinical pathology rarely encountered during cardiac anesthesia, but, when present, most commonly occurs in the context of a connective tissue disorder. Filamin A mutations have begun to be recognized as a source of progressive myxomatous mitral and tricuspid valve degeneration. These lesions can be diagnosed by echo, but their clinical presentation can be equivocal. We present a patient with significant echocardiographic findings of mitral and tricuspid valvar regurgitation, aortic dilatation, and intraoperative findings of aortic ectasia. In our case, a detailed family history led to a preoperative echocardiogram revealing myxomatous mitral and tricuspid valve degeneration with significant regurgitation and aortic dilatation. Genetic evaluation led to the diagnosis of a Filamin A mutation. Pre- and postrepair echocardiographic assessments of valvar function played a key role in the management of this patient. Continued surveillance of his aortic dilation and evaluation of postrepair valve function warrants close follow-up with a high likelihood for further surgical intervention.

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