Association and Activation of Jak-Tyk Kinases by CNTF-LIF-OSM-IL-6 beta Receptor Components

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Abstract

A recently defined family of cytokines, consisting of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), oncostatin M (OSM), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), utilize the Jak-Tyk family of cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases. The beta receptor components for this cytokine family, gp130 and LIF receptor beta, constitutively associate with Jak-Tyk kinases. Activation of these kinases occurs as a result of ligand-induced dimerization of the receptor beta components. Unlike other cytokine receptors studied to date, the receptors for the CNTF cytokine family utilize all known members of the Jak-Tyk family, but induce distinct patterns of Jak-Tyk phosphorylation in different cell lines.

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