Modes of Tilting During Extensional Core Complex Development

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Abstract

Crustal extension and formation of the Mineral Mountains core complex, Utah, involved tilting of the Mineral Mountains batholith and associated faults during hanging wall and footwall deformation.The batholith was folded in the hanging wall of the Beaver Valley fault between 11 and 9 million years ago yielding about 45 degrees of tilt. Subsequently, the batholith was unroofed along the Cave Canyon detachment fault, and the batholith and fault were tilted approximately 40 degrees during footwall uplift. Recognition of deformed dikes beneath the detachment fault establishes the importance of footwall tilt during formation of extensional core complexes and demonstrates that footwall rebound can be an important process during extension.

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