The Effect of Alumina on the Electrical Conductivity of Silicate Perovskite

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Abstract

Measurements of the electrical conductivity of silicate perovskite at 25 gigapascals and 1400[degree sign] to 1600[degree sign]C show that the conductivity of (Mg,Fe)SiO (3) perovskite containing 2.89 weight percent Al2 O3 is about 3.5 times greater than that of aluminum-free (Mg0.915 Fe0.085)SiO3 perovskite. The conduction mechanism in perovskite between 1400[degree sign] and 1600[degree sign]C is most likely by polarons, because Mossbauer studies show that the aluminum-bearing perovskite has about 3.5 times the amount of Fe3+ as the aluminum-free sample. A conductivity-depth profile from 660 to 2900 kilometers based on aluminum-bearing perovskite is consistent with geophysical models.

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