A research boom in China's municipalities

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In recent years, as China's cities have been transformed with gleaming skyscrapers, an Olympic stadium, and an iconic TV tower, the country has increasingly flexed its new economic might in the scientific arena as well. The government's investment in research grew to 1.98% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2012, according to the World Bank—surpassing that of the European Union. That injection of resources, together with a strong base of well-educated researchers at home and abroad, has transformed Beijing and Shanghai into scientific powerhouses and jumpstarted opportunities in second-tier cities like Tianjin and Chongqing. By Shawna Williams

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