IMMUNOMETABOLISM: Aerobic glycolysis promotes T helper 1 cell differentiation through an epigenetic mechanism

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Aerobic glycolysis (the Warburg effect) is a metabolic hallmark of activated T cells and has been implicated in augmenting effector T cell responses, including expression of the proinflammatory cytokine interferon-γ (IFN-γ), via 3' untranslated region (3'UTR)-mediated mechanisms. Here, we show that lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) is induced in activated T cells to support aerobic glycolysis but promotes IFN-γ expression independently of its 3'UTR. Instead, LDHA maintains high concentrations of acetyl-coenzyme A to enhance histone acetylation and transcription ofIfng.Ablation of LDHA in T cells protects mice from immunopathology triggered by excessive IFN-γ expression or deficiency of regulatory T cells. These findings reveal an epigenetic mechanism by which aerobic glycolysis promotes effector Tcell differentiation and suggest that LDHA may be targeted therapeutically in autoinflammatory diseases.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles