Psychometric evaluation of the Swedish language Person-centred Climate Questionnaire – family version

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Abstract

Background:

In a holistic view of care, the family is important for the patient as well as for the staff and integration of family members in health care is a growing trend. Yet, family participation in the care is sparsely investigated and valid assessment instruments are needed.

Setting:

Data were collected from 200 family members participating in an intervention study at an emergency department (ED) in Sweden.

Method:

The Person-centred Climate Questionnaire – Family (PCQ-F) is a measure for how family members perceive the psychosocial climate. PCQ-F is a self-report instrument that contains 17 items assessing safety, everydayness and hospitality – three subscale dimensions that mirror the Swedish patient version of the questionnaire, the PCQ-P.

Aim:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the PCQ-F in an ED context.

Results:

The psychometric properties of the PCQ-F were evaluated using statistical estimates of validity and reliability and showed high content validity and internal consistency. Cronbach's Alpha was >0.7 and item–total correlations were >0.3 and <0.7.

Conclusion:

In terms of psychometrics, the findings in this study indicate that the PCQ-F can be used with satisfactory validity and reliability to explore to what degree family members perceive ED settings as being person-centred, safe, welcoming and hospitable within an everyday and decorated physical environment. As the PCQ already exists in a valid and reliable patient (PCQ-P) and staff (PCQ-S) version, this new family member version is a significant addition to the literature as it enables further comparative studies of how diverse care settings are perceived by different stakeholders.

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