The Human C-Type Lectin-Like Receptor CLEC-1 is Upregulated by TGF-β and Primarily Localized in the Endoplasmic Membrane Compartment

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Abstract

The orphan receptor CLEC-1 is part of a subfamily of C-type lectin-like receptors, which is encoded in the human natural killer gene complex and comprises several pattern recognition receptors important for innate immune functions. As information on human CLEC-1 is still very limited, we aimed to further characterize this receptor. Similar to another subfamily member, LOX-1, expression of CLEC-1 mRNA was detected in myeloid cells as well as in endothelial cells. CLEC-1 protein displayed N-linked glycosylation and formed dimers. However, in contrast to other members of the subfamily, expression levels were upregulated by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, but not significantly affected by proinflammatory stimuli. It is intriguing that human CLEC-1 could only be detected intracellularly with a staining pattern resembling endoplasmic reticulum proteins. Neither TGF-β nor inflammatory stimuli could promote significant translocation to the cell surface. These findings are in accordance with a primarily intracellular localization and function of human CLEC-1.

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