American Football: Considerations for Optimal Performance in the Heat

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Abstract

FOOTBALL PERFORMANCE CAN BE NEGATIVELY AFFECTED IN A HOT AND HUMID ENVIRONMENT. PREPARING FOR FOOTBALL IN THE HEAT THROUGH PROPER TRAINING AND HEAT ACCLIMATIZATION, IN ADDITION TO VARIOUS PRACTICE AND GAME DAY MODIFICATIONS, CAN HELP PREVENT FATIGUE AND TIME TO EXHAUSTION. FOOTBALL PLAYERS SHOULD MAKE PERSONAL MODIFICATIONS SUCH AS ENSURING THAT THEY HAVE ADEQUATE SLEEP, HYDRATION, AND A PROPER DIET. IT IS ALSO IMPORTANT FOR COACHES TO UNDERSTAND THE VARIOUS FACTORS THAT MAY IMPEDE PERFORMANCE, SUCH AS THE AMOUNT OF EQUIPMENT WORN, WORK-TO-REST RATIOS, ACCESS TO FLUIDS, AND THE INTENSITY AND DURATION OF PRACTICES.

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