Biomechanics of Common Musculoskeletal Injuries in American Football

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Abstract

INJURY IS AN UNFORTUNATE, BUT INEVITABLE, REALITY IN THE SPORT OF AMERICAN FOOTBALL. INJURY RATES IN FOOTBALL ARE AMONG THE HIGHEST ACROSS ALL SPORTS. THE PURPOSE OF THIS REVIEW IS TO DISCUSS BIOMECHANICAL PRINCIPLES, WITH PARTICULAR EMPHASIS ON FORCE AND MECHANICAL ENERGY, AS THEY APPLY TO MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURIES SUSTAINED BY PARTICIPANTS IN AMERICAN FOOTBALL AND TO PRESENT THE MECHANISMS OF INJURY FOR SOME COMMON FOOTBALL-RELATED INJURIES, INCLUDING INJURIES OF THE ANKLE, KNEE, HIP, SHOULDER, AND CERVICAL SPINE.

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