Celiac Disease: A Review for the Athlete and Interdisciplinary Team

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Abstract

CELIAC DISEASE (CD) IS AN AUTOIMMUNE DISORDER THAT AFFECTS NUTRIENT ABSORPTION IN THE SMALL INTESTINE WHEN GLUTEN IS PRESENT IN THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. CD AFFECTS APPROXIMATELY 2 MILLION AMERICANS. DUE TO THE INCREASING PREVALENCE OF THIS CONDITION, IT IS IMPORTANT FOR ATHLETES AND THEIR INTERDISCIPLINARY TEAM TO POSSESS A COMPREHENSIVE UNDERSTANDING OF THE DISEASE, ASSOCIATED RISKS, AND MANAGEMENT OPTIONS FOR AREAS SUCH AS DIET MANAGEMENT AND EXERCISE PRESCRIPTION. THIS ARTICLE DISCUSSES THE ETIOLOGY, CLIENT PRESENTATION, AND DIET AND EXERCISE MANAGEMENT FOR ATHLETES DIAGNOSED WITH CD.

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