Nutritional Challenges and Strategies for the Bariatric Patient and How Fitness Professionals Can Provide Support

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Abstract

INCREASES IN THE PREVALENCE OF OBESITY HAVE BEEN FOLLOWED BY AN INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF CLIENTS WHO UNDERGO BARIATRIC SURGERY. MAINTAINING ADEQUATE NUTRITION, PREVENTING LOSSES OF LEAN BODY MASS, AND REDUCING RISKS OF VITAMIN DEFICIENCIES CAN BE CHALLENGING AFTER BARIATRIC SURGERY. BARIATRIC SURGERY WITHOUT NUTRITION COUNSELING IS NOT ENOUGH TO ENCOURAGE LONG-TERM BEHAVIOR CHANGE THAT SUPPORTS HEALTHY WEIGHT LOSS, WEIGHT LOSS MAINTENANCE, OR PROMOTE DIETARY CHANGES AFTER WEIGHT LOSS SURGERY. THIS ARTICLE DISCUSSES THE NUTRITIONAL CHALLENGES THAT OCCUR AS A RESULT OF BARIATRIC SURGERY AND SPECIFIC STRATEGIES NEEDED TO HELP GUIDE BOTH THE CLIENT AND HEALTH PROFESSIONAL.

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