Osteoporosis: Exercise Programming Insight for the Sports Medicine Professional


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Abstract

OSTEOPOROSIS IS A METABOLIC SKELETAL DISEASE CHARACTERIZED BY REDUCED BONE MINERAL DENSITY THAT EFFECTS BOTH SEXES. AN ESTIMATED 200 MILLION PEOPLE WORLDWIDE HAVE OSTEOPOROSIS, WHICH INCLUDES 54 MILLION PEOPLE AGES 50 YEARS OR OLDER IN THE UNITED STATES. OVER THE PAST FEW DECADES, KNOWLEDGE OF THIS CONDITION HAS GROWN AND SUCCESSFUL MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED IN THE AREAS OF PHARMACOLOGICAL THERAPY, RISK MITIGATION, AND HIGHER LEVEL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. THIS MANUSCRIPT PRESENTS AN OVERVIEW OF OSTEOPOROSIS, GUIDELINES FOR RECOGNITION AND SCREENING, RISK FACTORS, EVIDENCE FOR PRESCRIBING INTERVENTIONS TO MITIGATE BONE MINERAL DENSITY LOSS, AND STRATEGIES FOR SAFELY MANAGING THESE INDIVIDUALS.

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