Complications of hidradenitis suppurativa

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Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by recurrent painful nodules and abscesses involving intertriginous areas. Repeated episodes of profound inflammation in HS can lead to a number of complications, causing significant morbidity and decreasing quality of life. Complications of HS may affect the skin alone or may have systemic impact. Cutaneous complications of HS include sinus tracts, fistulae, scarring and contractures, squamous cell carcinoma, and lymphedema. Systemic complications of HS include chronic pain, systemic amyloidosis, and possibly anemia. Preventing disease complications by controlling primary disease is a key component of HS management. Clinicians should be prepared to recognize complications early, as prompt management is necessary to minimize negative impacts.

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