Palliative Percutaneous Biliary Interventions in Malignant High Bile Duct Obstruction

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The optimal palliative intervention for malignant biliary obstruction is internal drainage by placement of a metallic stent. For patients with hilar biliary obstruction or low bile duct obstruction in whom endoscopy is not feasible, a percutaneous transhepatic approach in interventional radiology is preferred. This article reviews the rationale for this approach, periprocedural management, and techniques to optimize stent patency.

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