Gastric emptying of glucose solution and associated plasma concentrations of GLP-1, GIP, and PYY before and after fundoplication

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This study was designed to assess the relationship between gastric emptying of glucose solution and the ensuing plasma concentrations of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) in patients having undergone fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux (GERD).

Subjects and methods

In 10 male patients the emptying of 50% glucose solution was determined scintigraphically and its relationship with plasma glucose, GLP-1, PYY, and GIP concentrations was studied before and 3 months after fundoplication.


In the first 30 min after glucose ingestion, emptying was significantly (p = 0.048) faster after fundoplication than before. Emptying and GLP-1 and GIP correlated: the faster the emptying during the first 30 min the greater the concentrations integrated over that period (p = 0.04; p = 0.01; p = 0.02). Emptying and PYY concentrations were unrelated. In the 120-180 min. period, blood glucose concentrations were lower the faster the emptying in the initial 30 min (p = 0.06) and the entire 50-min recording period (p = 0.03) had been. The GLP-1 concentrations integrated over the first 30 min correlated inversely with the integrated plasma glucose during the third hour after ingestion (p = 0.004).


After fundoplication, gastric emptying may, if accelerated in its initial phases, give rise to greater and earlier increases in plasma glucose, GLP-1, and GIP concentrations and thus to reactive hypoglycemia.

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