The rapid ascension of the neurohospitalist model has been a response to national pressures implemented around local practicalities. As such, there is no uniform or ideal neurohospitalist model; there remains tremendous variation nationally. Over time, several dominant models have emerged, each of which raises distinct issues, both clinical and financial. As the field continues to grow, neurohospitalists in both hospital-owned and private practices are developing models that are reshaping the practice of inpatient neurology. A thoughtful approach to developing and maintaining programs is critical to success.