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There are gender differences in stroke in several areas. Overall, the incidence of stroke is greater in women because of the increased risk of stroke with increasing age and the longer life expectancy of women. However, gender-specific risk factors for stroke include hormonal changes during pregnancy and exogenous hormonal therapies. Also, cerebral venous thrombosis, thrombophilia, and migraine are more prevalent in women. These gender differences are the subject of this review.