An Empirical Examination of Same- and Other-Gender Sexual Harassment in the Workplace1

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Abstract

This study examines sexual harassment (SH) which involves members of the same gender, either male or female. Data are taken from the 1988 Department of Defense Survey of Sex Roles in the Active Duty Military. Separate comparisons for male (38% White, 31% Black, and 31% ‘other’) and female (48% White, 27% Black, and 25% ‘other’) targets are made between sameand other-gender SH related to four major components of a conceptual model proposed by Fitzgerald, Drasgow, Hulin, Gelfand, & Magley (1997). These components include sexual harassment behaviors, personal vulnerability, target response styles, and consequences of the SH for the target. The sexual orientation of targets and perpetrators is not considered because data were unavailable. Results reveal a number of meaningful differences between sameand other-gender SH. The most striking result is that male targets of same-gender SH experience consequences that are significantly more pervasive and severe than those experienced by male targets of other-gender SH. Organizational implications are discussed.

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