Role of Fibrin(ogen) in Progression of Liver Disease: Guilt by Association?

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Strong experimental evidence indicates that components of the hemostatic system, including thrombin, exacerbate diverse features of experimental liver disease. Clinical studies have also begun to address this connection and some studies have suggested that anticoagulants can improve outcome in patients with liver disease. Among the evidence of coagulation cascade activation in models of liver injury and disease is the frequent observation of thrombin-driven hepatic fibrin(ogen) deposition. Indeed, hepatic fibrin(ogen) deposition has long been recognized as a consequence of hepatic injury. Although commonly inferred as pathologic due to protective effects of anticoagulants in mouse models, the role of fibrin(ogen) in acute liver injury and chronic liver disease may not be universally detrimental. The localization of hepatic fibrin(ogen) deposits within the liver is connected to the disease stimulus and in animal models of liver toxicity and chronic disease, fibrin(ogen) deposition may not always be synonymous with large vessel thrombosis. Here, we provide a balanced review of the experimental evidence supporting a direct connection between fibrin(ogen) and liver injury/disease pathogenesis, and suggest a path forward bridging experimental and clinical research to improve our knowledge on the nature and function of fibrin(ogen) in liver disease.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles