THE NORTH-SOUTH ASYMMETRY IN THE GREEN CORONA

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Abstract

Summary

The north-south asymmetry of the Fe XIV 530.3 nm coronal emission line (the green corona) over cycle 22 was investigated. The green corona line brightness was dominant in the southern hemisphere during cycle 22 (A = −0.07), except for short periods of the ascending phase of the activity cycle. The asymmetry of the semi-annual mean over the period 1940 – 1996 was also studied. The asymmetry, during these years, reached its maximum in 1962 – 1966, and then decreased. Important periodicities of the asymmetry in cycle 22, e.g., 158 and 350 days, 2.39 years were found. Similar periodicities were also detected in the years 1940 – 1996. An FFT analysis was used to detect these periodicities.

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