AMPLITUDE RESPONSE OF A LCR GRAVIMETER WITH FEEDBACK AT PERIODS OF MICROSEISMS AND EARTHQUAKE WAVES

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Abstract

Summary

The amplitude response of a LCR gravimeter with the SRW-E feedback was determined on a vertical vibrating platform. The ink-pen recorder was connected parallel with the digital voltmeter input to obtain an analog response of the gravimeter to the harmonic motion of the base with a peak-to-peak amplitude of 10 μm and periods excited in an interval of 4–10 s as by the ground motion of meteorological microseisms, and in the interval 10–100 s as by surface waves of distant strong earthquakes.

In the first interval, an unexpected maximum of the amplitude response was observed with the double amplitude of apparent 6,5 μGal (6.5 × 10−8 m/s2) at a period of 4.8 s, and a baseline shift with the amplitude of−64μGal was observed at the same period. The value of this direct component cannot be separated from the effect of the Earth's gravity field. In the second interval, the amplitude response of the gravimeter displayed one expected maximum at a period of 40 s with the double amplitude of 8.1μGal. At the usual level of microseisms with a peak-to-peak amplitude of up to 2 μm the fluctuation of the gravimeter on the direct baseline shifted by −4.9 μGal was estimated at 1 μGal. With typical Rayleigh surface waves with periods of 20 s and double amplitudes of up to 100 μm, the fluctuation reached 67 μGal.

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