Decreased Tidal Volume With Increased Height, but not Colloid Transfusion, is Associated With Worse Outcomes and Postoperative Pneumonia After Coil Embolization of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Retrospective Study

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Background:The tidal volume setting as well as colloid transfusion during the peri-operative period after intracranial aneurysm is controversial. A multicenter retrospective study was conducted to determine whether or not an increased tidal volume setting and colloid transfusion are associated with poor outcomes and postoperative pulmonary complications after intracranial aneurysm.Method:Data from endovascular coiling to treat intracranial aneurysms that took place between 30 March 2014 and 30 March 2016 were collected in a multicenter chart. The primary outcomes were better (defined as a Modified Rankin scores [MRS] ≤2) and worse outcomes (MRS ≥3). Secondary outcomes included pneumonia and non-pneumonia in patients with intracranial aneurysms. Univariate analysis, bivariate logistic regression, Spearman correlation, and a linear regression model were performed to account for the association between peri-operative risk factors and different outcomes.Results:Bivariate logistic analysis showed that worse outcomes were correlated with height, Hunt and Hess scores (HHS), and Fisher grade (P < 0.05). There was no significant association between colloid transfusion and worse outcomes and postoperative pneumonia (P > 0.05). Postoperative pneumonia incidence was associated with increased height in a population with intracranial aneurysms (P < 0.05). The Spearman correlation and a linear regression model suggested that increased height was significantly correlated with lower tidal volume setting (per unit of body weight; P < 0.05).Conclusion:Decreased tidal volume with increased height, but not colloid transfusion, was independently associated with worse outcomes and postoperative pneumonia across a spectrum of risk profiles. These findings may help to improve practice decisions regarding tidal volume settings.

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