Electronic Health Records in Simulation Education: Literature Review and Synthesis

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Summary StatementDuring the last decade, the use of electronic health records (EHRs) in clinical settings has risen sharply. Many clinical education programs have not incorporated the use of electronic documentation into their curriculum. It is important to incorporate technologies that will be used in real-world settings into educational clinical simulations to better prepare students for clinical practice and promote patient safety. Electronic documentation can be harder to teach to students because it requires a more in-depth orientation on how to use the electronic documentation system and because health care organizations often give students limited or no access to the documentation system. This review will include a discussion on the benefits and disadvantages of using educational EHRs, barriers and facilitators to implementing educational EHRs, and best practices for incorporating educational EHRs into current educational curriculums.

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