Ocular Adnexal Reconstruction for Cutaneous Periocular Malignancies: Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

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Although the majority of lesions present in the periocular region are benign, periocular cutaneous malignancies are certainly not uncommon and must be considered. The management of nonmelanoma cutaneous malignancies is predominately surgical with Mohs micrographic surgery or excision with frozen sections. The approach to reconstruction of the resulting defects depends on the defect location and size. When able, it is preferable to close lesions directly or with the recruitment of adjacent tissue in an effort to preserve the inherent anatomy. The eyelid's dynamic function is thus maintained, which is essential for optimal ocular surface protection. However, larger and more extensive defects will require complex reconstructions that are able to restore the necessary structural integrity to the eyelids. The authors review the various reconstruction approaches for defects of all sizes involving the periocular area including nonmarginal defects and defects of the lower and upper eyelids, as well as those of the medial canthal region.

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