Associated decrements in rate of force development and neural drive after maximal eccentric exercise

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

The present study investigated the changes in contractile rate of force development (RFD) and the neural drive following a single bout of eccentric exercise. Twenty-four subjects performed 15 × 10 maximal isokinetic eccentric knee extensor contractions. Prior to and at 24, 48, 72, 96, and 168 h during post-exercise recovery, isometric RFD (30, 50 100, and 200 ms), normalized RFD [1/6,1/2, and 2/3 of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)] and rate of electromyography rise (RER; 30, 50, and 75 ms) were measured. RFD decreased by 28–42% peaking at 48 h (P< 0.01–P< 0.001) and remained depressed at 168 h (P< 0.05). Normalized RFD at 2/3 of MVC decreased by 22–39% (P< 0.01), peaked at 72 h and returned to baseline at 168 h. These changes in RFD were associated with a decrease in RER at 48 h–96 h (P< 0.05–P< 0.001). Accumulated changes (area under curve) revealed a greater relative decrease in accumulated RFD at 100 ms by −2727 ± 309 (%h;P< 0.05) and 200 ms by −3035 ± 271 (%h;P< 0.001) compared with MVC, which decreased, by −1956 ± 234 (%h). In conclusion, RFD and RER are both markedly reduced following a bout of maximal eccentric exercise. This association suggests that exercise-induced decrements in RFD can, in part, be explained decrements in neural drive.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles