Bloodless Laparoscopic Liver Resection Using Radiofrequency Thermal Energy in the Porcine Model

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The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic hepatectomy using radiofrequency (RF) thermal energy in a porcine model. Fifteen female domestic pigs weighing 29.3 kg (range 25 to 35 kg) were used. Five transversal abdominal incisions (3 of 1 cm and 2 of 0.5 cm) were made for the introduction of the video camera and the other laparoscopic instruments. With the porta hepatis not clamped, the liver was inspected and the preferred lobe each time was divided using RF (cool-tip electrode 3 cm) with minimum bleeding. Serum liver enzymes and blood counts were drawn pre and postoperatively. All animals were killed after 1 week. The mean time of the procedures was 119 minutes (range 100 to 155 min). There were no intraoperative complications. Mean blood loss was 27 mL (range 5 to 60 mL), and the mass of the resected specimen was 132.5 g (range 65 to 305 g). There were no postoperative complications or deaths. Bloodless laparoscopic hepatectomy was technically feasible and safe in the porcine model using cool-tip electrode and 500-kHz RF Generator.

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