A Devastating Complication: Duodenal Perforation Due to Biliary Stent Migration

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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) plays an important diagnostic and potentially therapeutic role in the management of a broad range of biliary and pancreatic disorders. However, it is an invasive procedure with an associated complication rate in the vicinity of 5% to 15% and mortality rate of 1%. We present an unusual case of a patient who sustained a stent-related duodenal perforation after undergoing ERCP. We reviewed the current literature in regard to risk factors, etiology, diagnosis, management, and prognosis of ERCP-related perforations, aiming to provide a brief, updated overview of this devastating complication.

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