Totally Laparoscopic Cyst Excision and Roux-en-Y Hepaticojejunostomy for Choledochal Cyst in Adults: A Single-institute Experience of 5 Years

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Abstract

Purpose:

The present study aimed to describe the authors’ experience and the intermediate-term outcome for totally laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepatoenterostomy at a single center in a 5-year period.

Methods:

We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of totally laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepatoenterostomy on 31 adult patients from January 2009 to November 2013.

Results:

Thirty-one cases successfully underwent totally laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision laparoscopy and Roux-en-Y hepatoenterostomy. The operation time varied from 200 to 360 minutes. The intraoperative blood loss was 50 to 210 mL. The patients passed flatus in 3.0±1.3 days. The mean time interval to resume oral intake from the time of surgery was 3.8±1.4 days. The duration of postoperative intravenous fluids was 4 to 11 days. Postoperative ambulation varied from 2 to 4 days. The duration of hospital stay was 4 to 13 days. Follow-up observations lasted 3 to 59 months and complications were noted in 4 patients. Of these patients, 1 patient suffered postoperative respiratory tract infection, 1 patient had an episode of adhesive small bowel obstruction, biliary leakage occurred in 1 patient, and 1 patient developed an anastomotic stoma stricture and cholangitis. There were no perioperative deaths.

Conclusions:

Totally laparoscopic cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy is a safe, efficacious, and minimally invasive procedure for the most instances of adult choledochal cyst. The key of success is skilled laparoscopic skills, good team cooperation, and stapler anastomosis.

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