Technical, Oncological, and Functional Safety of Bilateral Axillo-Breast Approach (BABA) Robotic Total Thyroidectomy

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Abstract

Background:

The aim of this study was to identify whether bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robotic total thyroidectomy (RoTT) is technically, oncologically, and functionally safe.

Materials and Methods:

One hundred eighteen patients underwent BABA robotic thyroidectomy between July 2010 and February 2013. Ninety-one (77.1%) patients underwent RoTT, and 27 (22.9%) underwent robotic unilateral lobectomy.

Results:

RoTT (n=91) resulted in lower rate of surgical complication and in higher rate of transient hypocalcemia comparing with robotic unilateral lobectomy (n=27) (35.16% vs. 3.7%; P<0.013), but not in a permanent hypocalcemia, transient, or permanent recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (2.2% vs. 0%; P=1.000, 3.3% vs. 0%; P=1.000, and 0% vs. 0%; P=NS), respectively. Successful remnant ablation rate for the patients with RoTT was 100% on a subsequent 6 months follow-up. No significant differences between 2 groups existed in mean Voice Handicap Index-10 scores during postoperative 6 months (P=0.308).

Conclusions:

BABA RoTT might be oncologically safe as well as technically and functionally safe procedure.

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