Prognostic Factors of Oral Intake After Endoscopic Gastroduodenal Stent Placement for Advanced Gastric Cancer

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Gastroduodenal stents are effective for gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) due to gastric cancer. However, some patients are unable to eat again soon. We retrospectively analyzed the cause of short-feeding periods. Between 2011 and 2015, we performed stent placement in 22 patients who could not eat solids. The effects of clinical characteristics on duration of oral intake were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models. Univariate analyses revealed that the degree of GOO [no oral intake/liquids only; hazard ratio (HR), 10.9; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.5-48.1; P=0.003], performance status score (2 or 3/0 or 1; HR, 5.7; 95% CI, 1.8-16.9; P=0.004), and poststenting chemotherapy (no/yes; HR, 5.7; 95% CI, 1.9-18.9; P=0.002) were significant factors for cessation of oral intake. Multivariate analysis showed that GOO and chemotherapy were significant factors. Gastroduodenal stents were less effective for patients with severe stenosis or without poststenting chemotherapy.

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